Monthly Archives: October 2008

Iodine related disorders

This is a very worthwhile review of the importance of iodine in our diet. Zimmermann et al 2008 Iodine-deficiency disorders, Lancet vol 272 pp 1251-62Iodine is an essential component of the thyroid hormones., and therefore iodine, is essential for mammalian life. Iodine (as iodide) is widely but unevenly distributed in the earth’s environment. Most iodide…

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yoghurt to treat hepatic encephalopathy

This leader is very important in the care of marginally encephalopathic patients. Leader 2008 Nature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology & Hepatology 5, 537Probiotic yogurt can reverse MHE in patients with nonalcoholic cirrhosisMinimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) affects 60–80% of patients with cirrhosis and is associated with poor quality of life, decreased work performance and impaired driving skills.…

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physical endurance enhancers

This is such an interesting review and highlights the mysteries of endurance and staminaBaar1 & Hardie 2008 Small molecules can have big effects on endurance, Nature Chemical Biology 4, 583 – 584 (2008) Adaptation of muscle to endurance exercise training involves the coordinated expression of genes involved in oxidative metabolism, resulting in increased endurance. A…

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weight changes in a Scottish population

Ebrahimi-Mameghaniet al Changes in weight and waist circumference over 9 years in a Scottish populationEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2008) 62, 1208–1214; doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602839; published online 11 July 2007This study looked at patterns of measured weight and waist circumference (WC) change and the increase in overweight and obesity over a 9-year period in a Scottish population..A…

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dietary selenium intake measurements

Yoneyama et al 2008 Dietary intake and urinary excretion of selenium in the Japanese adult population: the INTERMAP Study Japan European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2008) 62, 1187–1193; This study examined the relationship between dietary selenium intake and 24-h urinary selenium excretion in Japanese population samples participating in the INTERMAP Study.Using highly standardized methods, they…

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measuring polyunsaturated acid dietary intake

P Astorg et al 2008 Plasma n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids as biomarkers of their dietary intakes: a cross-sectional study within a cohort of middle-aged French men and women European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2008) 62, 1155–1161; Astorg and colleagues have measured the correlations between habitual intakes of individual n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty…

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