The use of pharmacologically active drugs to enhance sporting prowess is widespread. The usage has increased over the last 40 years
The usage of such drugs is not only cheating but also threatens the long term health of the person so indulging.
Sjoqvist and Rane have reviewed the area in Lancet 2008 vol 371 May 31st.
The drugs currently banned are
Exogenous anabolic steroids eg danazol, nandrolone
Endogenous anabolic steroids eg testosterone
Other anabolic steroids eg desbuterol, androgen receptor modulators.
Hormones ands related substance.
Growth hormone, insulin like growth factor, mechano growth factors
Gonadotrophins LH, human chorionic gonatrophins
All of them
Hormone antagonists and modulators
Aromatise inhibitors eg anastrozole , letrozole
Selective oestrogen receptor modulators eg tamoxifen
Other anti-oestrogenic substances.
Agents modifying myostatin functions
Diuretic and other masking agents
A formidable list to be detected. Factors such as gender and ethnicity may result in minor but significant physiology.
Sjoqvist and Rane 2008, Use of doping agents, particularly anabolic steroids, in sports society. Lancet vol 371 pp 1872-82.
- Martin Eastwood